World heritage

Archaeological Ruins of Liangzhu City

Updated: May 29, 2023 whc.unesco.org Print
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Aerial view of City Site, from southwest to northeast. [Photo/Hangzhou Liangzhu Archaeological Site Administrative District Management Committee]
Jade bi disk [Photo/Ditto]

Located in the Yangtze River Basin on the south-eastern coast of the country, the archaeological ruins of Liangzhu (about 3300-2300 BCE) reveal an early regional state with a unified belief system based on rice cultivation in Late Neolithic China. The property is composed of four areas – the Area of Yaoshan Site, the Area of High-dam at the Mouth of the Valley, the Area of Low-dam on the Plain and the Area of City Site. These ruins are an outstanding example of early urban civilization expressed in earthen monuments, urban planning, a water conservation system and a social hierarchy expressed in differentiated burials in cemeteries within the property.

(Quoted from the entry of UNESCO Cultural Heritage List)

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